This common method of harvesting timber is a very poor choice for sustaining the benefits of Virginia’s forestland. Learn more about choosing and working with a logging contractor. 3. This process involved the removal of forests for economic gain, and has benefits to the industry and economy, as well as a few negative aspects. Jan 3, 2020 | Landowners may choose to cut trees on their property for many reasons. Use sediment and drainage control structures where necessary to avoid erosion. It often takes 1-2 years for landowners to get from early planning to harvest completion. Oct 2019 | Oct 2019 | This is done by using coloured marking tape to mark coupe boundaries and protect important biological values such as rainforest, streams or important wildlife habitat. Future Projects While our team has adjusted to being at home more, we miss offering in-person classes and field tours. Midwest logging connections is a logging and timber consulting firm, offering knowledge to landowners wanting to perform a timber harvest or sell marketable timber. Felling and preparing the tree for extraction (delimbing, topping, and segmenting). Forest officers mark the coupe in order to show the timber harvesting contractor which areas and trees are to be harvested. Pennsylvania’s forests.Tracts of forest land of all types and sizes are important to our communities. We are facing the worst series of fires in the state’s history. Article. There are BMPs that can be applied to many phases of timber harvesting including: Forethought may be the most important tool you have to avoid problems for your woodland watershed. As part of your harvest plan, think about and outline some economic considerations. These should: Identify special areas of protection like wetlands, riparian zones and wildlife habitat. Minimize skid trail grades. The process of cutting trees and transporting them through a forest will disrupt a forest watershed, but you can use Best Management Practices to minimize that disturbance and protect your waterways and wildlife habitat. Fact Sheet. This will help you make informed decisions about: Pre-harvest planning will help you avoid sensitive sites like wetlands and riparian areas, as well as important wildlife habitats. In any case, harvesting trees likely comes after decades of hard work and planning, and should not be taken lightly. It can be more costly per unit of wood removed to cut only a few, selected trees, rather than cut most or all trees in the stand. Use existing skid trails if they offer the best access and environmental protections. Video. Maintain larger, longer-lived trees in riparian zones. Consider these treatments an investment into your property. Wood - Wood - Harvesting of wood: Harvesting of wood differs radically from harvesting of other crops. Forest owners in Lane County can potentially use their properties to help mitigate the problems caused by an excess of carbon in the atmosphere. Often, the larger the sale, the higher the price per unit of wood that can be offered. Do use timber harvesting as a management tool. Where are Best Management Practices Important in my Woodland? Extensive research on the fate of fire damaged trees provides guidance for assessing survival based on post-fire observations of crown scorch, bark char, and root damage. at the stump area, leaving limbs and tops in the forest. And it seemed to come out of nowhere. If you do not have a working relationship with a contractor, the best advice is to ask other landowners who have worked with one. As temporary travel-ways for the transport of logs, skid trails can disrupt your woodland ecology and watershed dynamics. While each are different and are applied … Plan your harvest so that uncut stands of trees will intercept and absorb runoff from your harvest area. All contracts should inclu… A timber harvesting system is one of several combinations of equipment used for felling and extracting timber. Science explains and demystifies the world through the objective of gathering and analyzing data. Stage One: Coupe Marking. Thinnings are conducted to improve the existing stand, regulate growth, and in some cases provide for early financial returns. Evaluation Our next step is an initial evaluation of your woodlands followed by making recommendations to you on appropriate harvesting methods. Article. But by planning your timber harvest carefully you can save time, money and invaluable woodland resources. My beautiful cedars are now showing some dying branches. Identify special areas of protection like wetlands, riparian zones and wildlife habitat. Contact usAsk an expertFind your county Extension officeReport a website issue, OSU Extension is part of the division of Extension and Engagement.Copyright © 1995-2020 Oregon State University | Web disclaimer/privacy  |  Equal opportunity/accessibility, Summer Webinars and Virtual Tours to Lookout For, Woodland owners learn how to fight climate change with trees. When building your harvest plan, think on multiple scales. Aug 2010 | Without proper planning, your timber harvest may impair the forests’ natural water filtration by compacting soil and altering topography, all of which can cause flooding, diminish water quality, erode topsoil and undermine the life-cycles and survival of wildlife–especially fish and other aquatic species. Choosing the most appropriate timber harvesting system can meet management objectives and minimize environmental impact. Most loggers get jobs by word-of-mouth and that allows you to ask for references. Timber harvesting, the more modern term for logging, is the act of cutting down trees, removing them from the forest, and eventually processing them into consumer or business products. As you can see, timber harvest is a complex process that has a lot of moving parts. Forested landscapes, whether publicly or privately owned, provide many essential economic, environmental, health, and recreational benefits for residents and visitors alike. His main focus is ensuring that the plan follows Best Management Practices (BMP's) to be as minimally intrusive to the forest as possible and protect future timber-harvesting interests. The art and science of tending a stand of trees based on ecological principles is called silviculture. When reflecting on your goals and the current state of your forest, start to develop a list of objectives - action items - that will help you achieve these goals. They can be temporary or permanent and can double as meadows for wildlife habitat or parking lots. Guidelines related to timber harvesting, especially clearcutting, are aimed at maintaining structural components on a site (including live trees, snags, woody debris, shrubs and ground cover) that are needed by forest wildlife now and as the stand regenerates. Harvesting can remove poorly formed trees, lower-value species, damaged trees, and mature trees that will provide more growing space for residual trees. Maintaining forest health, habitat creation, income, and recreation are all goals that might drive you to do a timber harvest. The further you need to go, the more trucking time you will have to pay. Our last piece of advice is to give yourself lots of time to prepare and plan. The most common one found today is commercial clear cutting. Timber harvesting: a process of many decisions carefully think about your goals . The process of timber harvesting is comprised of five basic tasks: Timber acquisition (moving to the tree). In addition to that information, make sure the contractor has the adequate equipment for the job and that he/she works with a contract and valid insurance. Jun 2020 | Timber harvesting equipment can be separated into five categories: felling, primary transport/extraction, processing, loading, and secondary transport/hauling. For that reason, our company works with machinery that is not only productive but has a low impact on the forest floor. Check out these tips from a conservation specialist to take your "naturescaping" game to the next level! Stephen Fitzgerald | Once you know how much your logs are worth at each mill, do not forget to consider distance. Goals help you identify what is most important to you when completing work on your... management technique . On October 25th, Dr. Dave Shaw, OSU Extension Forest Health Specialist, gave a presentation to an enthusiastic group of landowners about some of the issues our native trees have been having this year. A good pre-harvest plan will outline the Best Management Practices that will be followed before, during and after the harvest. We offer timber management plans, logging sales, and work with some of the best logging companies in each of these states to gain the best results in the sale of your timber. And whether I need to cut them down before it gets dangerous to do so. Extracting the tree to a central location or landing (skidding or forwarding). Sep 2020 | Construct new landings on frozen ground or firm, well-drained soils. Oct 2020 | Timber harvesting in "Wild, Scenic and Recreational River" corridors (while a permit is not required, certain harvesting restrictions apply) Timber Harvesting as a Tool. How your activities can impact water quality. The trees are then transported as saw logs to cottage companies such as sawmills and pulp mills et al. When planning your harvest consider these tree-related factors: It’s important to keep in mind, Best Management Practices must be flexible and respond to changing conditions. Rose Clarke, Jon Wagner | Given the costs involved, it only makes sense for a sawmill to utilize every last part of each tree that comes through their doors (and that’s exactly what they’ll do). Following timber harvesting guidelines is essential to minimize superfluous, often unnecessary, activities on the site. Now that you have a foundation, identify the specific management technique that will achieve your objectives. Usually prices are highest during winter and early spring, mostly because of the restrictions of wet-weather hauling and the resulting shortage of logs during that time. Given the diversity of Michigan forest types, it is not surprising that a range of forest management and timber harvest systems have been developed that employ inherent ecological characteristics of those forest types as guidelines. Nov 2020 | A pre-harvest plan may include topographic maps, aerial photographs and soil surveys, as well as an on-the-ground assessment of current conditions. If they do not, consider restoring current skid trails or relocating them to more efficient and environmentally sound locations. The skies are ... Andony Melathopoulos, Brooke Edmunds, Jim Rivers | The Visual Guide to Sustainable Timber Harvesting, a learning module from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University College of Natural Resources, clearly shows the difference between simple commercial harvesting and sustainable harvesting, which improves the health of the woods. Whatever you decide, best of luck to you! Video. Outline the optimal timing of activities, when construction and cutting will cause the least disturbance to soil, water and wildlife. Max Bennett from Oregon State University Extension discusses methods to maintain forest land health. It is your responsibility as a landowner to comply with these rules, regulations, and Best Management Practices to avoid fines and make sure you and the contractor are performing a responsible operation. Minimize the land disturbance from skid trails by constructing them efficiently and thoughtfully. News story. If you are planning a regeneration cut, you should also be making plans for reforestation, including placing a seedling order. If you are considering a harvest for the first time, we highly recommended you visit a recent job similar to what you would like to perform on your property. Article. This technique should fit the structure of the forest and the ecosystem you are in. Goals help you identify what is most important to you when completing work on your land. Here’s how our proven ten-step timber sale process works for you… 1. When harvesting timber, there are several different approaches to tackling the job. For some, it is to produce a steady stream of revenue from timber. Making management decisions that sustain the ecological work of trees, especially where they are needed most, can save you money and protect the overall health of your land, waters and wildlife. Use existing landings if they are sited for efficient use and environmental protection. It was nice on Labor Day and then the smoke appeared. The process of harvesting timber, transporting it to a sawmill and turning it into the final product is an expensive undertaking! You can match your goals to the characteristics of your forest. Matching the equipment to the site, implementing proper harvest layout, and hiri… Timber Harvesting Plan Review Process What activities should be guided by BMPs? In preparation to the harvest, make sure that the property boundaries are clear and that the trees you plan to harvest are within your property line. First, our crew foreman creates a pre-harvest plan with you and answers any questions and concerns you have. But if they are thoughtfully designed, you can minimize ill effects and help your woodland recover quickly from any disturbance caused. This page provides information about rules administered by the Maine Forest Service. These machines can be expensive, but if you can couple them with a harvest of valuable timber you may be able to offset the cost instead of paying completely out-of-pocket. Trails should not exceed 15 percent grade if at all possible. Janet Donnelly | We study the existing road system (if there is one) and the topography of your land to create an efficient system of logging roads. Third, the value of timber depends heavily on how much timber is sold in one timber sale and what kind of harvesting is done. There are a number of key things to consider when managing a successful timber sale. Primary purpose of salvage harvesting is to recover the economic value of trees killed or damaged by unforeseen and uncontrollable events (insects, wildfire, wind, ice & snow, volcanoes, etc.). Harvest Goals We begin by understanding your goals for your property. Article. This involves cleaning up and fixing existing roads, and constructing new ones. However, if you need to add rock to your dirt roads in order to haul in wet weather, be prepared to harvest a large volume of good quality timber to offset the cost of road construction. New landings can have a slight slope to promote efficient drainage. Cost of transportation is a very important thing to consider when figuring out your timber harvest profitability. Use the arrows to the right and left of the photo to navigate through the photos. Where steep grades are unavoidable, winch logs uphill rather than constructing a conventional skid trail. Article. The first - and most important - step in any timber sale is to carefully think about your goals as a woodland owner. Alicia Christiansen | Monitoring the effectiveness of your BMP strategies will help you determine whether they are working and achieving the desired effect of maintaining or improving water quality in your woodland. Glenn Ahrens | We will also discuss specifically how salvage operations are conducted, equipment used, wildlife considerations, economics, ... Carrie Berger, Glenn Ahrens, Stephen Fitzgerald, Joe Goldsby, Rick Barnes | Ask an Expert is a way for you to get answers from the Oregon State University Extension Service. Francisca Belart, OSU Extension forester, visting OSU logging site with Jeff Wimer, manager of OSU's student logging program. In uneven or multi-aged forest stands, selective harvesting of individual trees or groups of trees over a period of time creates multiple generations (cohorts) of trees with different age classes within the stand. A timber harvest is an important tool for achieving your goals and maintaining the health of your forest. At Johnson Timber Harvesting we feel a sense of responsibility towards stewardship of forest resources. Want to be a good neighbor to local wildlife? There are two general categories of silvicultural techniques that involve logging: (1) thinning and (2) regeneration harvest. Harvesters fell the tree, delimb, and buck it, and place the resulting logs in bunks to be brought to the landing by a skidder or forwarder. Explore the natural world, engineering, space, military technology, physics and even supernatural phenomena. Here is a rundown of what he discussed. A 'coupe' is the name given to the area planned for timber harvesting. Employ sediment control measures and drainage structures to prevent erosion. They may hire a forest manager to manage their tree farm and plan each timber harvest, including ensuring the careful siting of access roads and protections for wildlife and fish habitat. A skilled logging contractor can make a big difference in your outcomes; take the time to find someone with good references who works with a contract and valid insurance. Here are some BMP guidelines to help you minimize impacts and recover quickly. A timber harvest can provide multiple benefits to a landowner. Industry Overview. If you have durable or paved roads, or live in an area where winter hauling is possible, take advantage of those higher prices! Replanting is required when you remove most of the trees in one area. Then the back arrow to return to the Educational Gallery home page. This work may require special equipment such as a slashbuster, mulcher, etc. One way to do this is to create a forest management plan. Lauren Grand | Describe special measures for road design and layout. A higher price at one mill more might not always be the best option for you if it is farther away. Timber harvesting is a forest management tool that can be used to achieve a number of different objectives for your woodland property. You’ll also want to use a Forest Products Sales Contract when conducting your timber sale. Timber harvesting companies are involved in cutting, skidding, on-site processing, and loading of trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars. There are three major groups of timber harvest practices; clearcutting, shelterwood and selection systems. Timber Harvesting FAQs. Close existing landings if they are located in Riparian Management Zones or wetlands, unless construction of new landings would cause even more harm. 2. Timber harvesting means a tree-cutting operation affecting 1 or more acres of forest or developed woodland within a 1-year interval that disturbs 5,000 square feet or more of forest floor. Fact Sheet. Max Bennett | A landowner owns the timber. It is based on the misconceptions that: small diameter trees must be younger than larger diameter trees of similar height, and; quality is mainly a function of size. Regeneration cuttings are performed to remove older trees and open up favorable conditions for regenerating young trees. Cut-to-length logging is the process of felling, delimbing, bucking, and sorting ( pulpwood, sawlog, etc.) Such a contract will help everyone understand what is expected of all parties involved in the sale. May 2019 | Harvest evergreen boughs from your woodland property to make holiday wreaths. Everything from forest soil to the success of understory plants to watershed health may suffer their loss. 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